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B o t i a :
Posted By: BB <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Friday, 5 March 1999, at 12:22 p.m.
That's the title of the artile in the March issue of TFH. I read the article at least 4 times and found loads of intresting information. For those who are unable to acquire the magazine I'll let you in on what was written. If your lfs carries the magazine it's one any loach enthuiast would want, I think.
First off the pictures are great, macracantha, histrionica, morleti, lohachata, berdmorei, modesta, dario, lecontei, sidthmunki, hymenophysa, striata, beauforti are all pictured!
Here are some things I picked out of the eight page article by Igor Sheremetyev , some I question and perhaphs you will as well because they are in direct conflict with discussions we have had here at LOL.
1) "The Botia genus contains about 40 species and can be divided into 3 subgenera." 2) "..true botia have 4 pair of barbels." 3) "..fishes of the subgenus Hymenophysa have 3 pair of barbels." 4) "..fishes of the subgenus Sinibotia (three species) also have 3 barbles but lack fontanelles."
on sidthmunki: 1) "smallest species known, up to 5cm" but what about the specimens that get larger ? 2) "3 pairs of barbels" this is in direct conflict w/ what was said earlier? 3) "B. nigrolineata, one of the latest described species, was considered a subspecies of B. sidthmunki until 1987, when it was described as a distinct species by Kottelat and Chu." .."It has NO VERTICAL bars on its flanks, only a black longitudinal stripe on its flanks and a mid dorsal stripe." yeah I know this forum does not support html tags but if it did these are what I'd use:) Guess this sheads some light on the conflicting descriptions of sidthmunki eh? I still want to verify this infomation but it is beginig to look like my sids are not sids at all:(
on macracantha: 1) .."one of the longest surviving species in captivity (20 years)" 2) "will school w/ Sumatra barbs (Puntius tetrazona)"
on modesta: 1) "deep-bodied, greenish shimmer of gray body, fed fins..aka green botia" 2) "...you can hear distinct knocking and croaking produced by THE FRICTION OF MUSCLES OVER A SWIM BLADDER"
on lecontei: 1) "..closely related to modesta" 2) "distinguish the two by a planish color in lecontei, less deep body for lecontei, and lecontei develop a dusky spot on the caudal peduncle"
on morleti: 1) "..very compact deep body" 2) "..several more or less visible bars on its flanks" hey, just like mine:) 3) "..fairly peaceful" hey hey hey, exactly like mine, even after years of capitivity:)
on lohachata: 1) "..shy, peaceful and active" Hey, nothing like the six I maintain except to say they are active. 2) "From time to time, they will swallow air, and a few seconds later they will releas a chain of tiny bubbles from their anus. You can hear a buzzing sounds at this time, the fourth sound type produced by the Botia genus. this is typical for all Cobitide, inhabitants of stagnant water bodies with an oxygen deficiency. Swallowed air is absorbed by blood vessels of the intestines." Great now I now how to get my botia to pass gas. Just depleate O2 and grab the hydraphone.
other points: Gheto and Rostrata are described as two seperate species. Beauforti and Lucas Baci are synomous. There are great descriptions any ways to differenciate the Hymenophysa subgenera. Too many to list here. Sidthmunki are listed as being tender and water below 10dh is suggested. There is more but you all get the idea:) BB
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